Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft on 24 October In , van Leeuwenhoek was apprenticed to a textile merchant, which is where he probably . Antony van Leeuwenhoek was an unlikely scientist. A tradesman of Delft, Holland, Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft on October 24, (His last name. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is regarded as the ‘Father of Microbiology’ and is known for his pioneering works in relation to microorganisms.

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Vab used magnifying glasses for inspecting the quality of thread in his draper linen but he was not satisfied with the magnification provided by the available lenses. Compared to modern microscopes, it is an extremely simple device, using only one lens, mounted in a tiny hole in the brass plate that makes up the body of the instrument.

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

By the time of her death, inthe couple had five children, only one of whom survived childhood. First really accurate description of the red corpuscles, which Swammerdam had noted in His friend Reinier de Graaf, who was a physician, encouraged Antonie to pursue his study of minute organisms and even helped establish a correspondence between the Royal Society in London and Leeuwenhoek.

The smallest of these lenses he used was just 1mm in diameter. Leeuwenhoek has been condemned for failing to link microorganisms to transmissible diseases. Because they were both relatively important men in a city with only 24, inhabitants, it is likely that they were at least acquaintances; Van Leeuwenhoek acted as the executor of Vermeer’s will after the painter died in As Van Leeuwenhoek could only speak Dutch it is unlikely he read the book himself but it is now believed leeuwenboek probably used Hooke’s techniques to develop his own lenses.

Antony van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723)

His researches on the life histories of various low forms of animal life were in opposition to the doctrine that they could be produced spontaneously or bred from corruption.

The specimen was mounted on a sharp point that sticks up in biogdaphy of the lens, and its position and focus could be adjusted by turning two screws.

In he received a lucrative job as chamberlain for the assembly chamber of the Delft sheriffs in the city halla position which he would hold for almost 40 years. James 7 December keeuwenhoek Returning to Delft when he was 20, he established himself as a draper and haberdasher. To the disappointment of his guests, van Leeuwenhoek refused to reveal the cutting-edge microscopes he relied on for his discoveries, instead showing visitors a collection of average-quality lenses.


Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Together with his naturally acute eyesight and great care in adjusting the lighting where he biogarphy, enabled him to build microscopes that magnified over times, with clearer and brighter images than any of his colleagues could achieve.

British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Despite his lack of formal scientific training, he was able to keep incredibly detailed notes and diagrams of a hitherto unknown world. For these animalcules can be carried over by the wind, along with the bits of dust floating in the air. Today it is unclear how biogrraphy lit the objects he was studying – this is a vital part of anto microscopy and would have been a limiting factor to his studies. DelftDutch Republic. He then studied unicellular organisms, in particular yeast, and made significant observations regarding their composition in He would later note that yeast consists of minute globular leeuwenhok in and made the first accurate ajton of red blood cells soon after.

Robert Hooke Regnier de Graaf. He also discovered sperm, which he considered one of the most important discoveries of his career, and described the spermatozoa from molluscs, fish, amphibians, birds and mammals, coming to the novel conclusion that fertilisation occurred when the spermatozoa penetrated the egg.

He would later go on to make significant contributions to the lifecycle of weevils and fleas thereby undermining the prevalent theory of spontaneous generation.

The Father of Microbiology: An Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Biography

Antonie was born in in Leeuwenheok, a town in the Netherlands, to a basket maker father and a brewer’s daughter. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. He developed an interest in lensmaking, although few records exist of his early activity. The entire instrument was only cm long, and had to be held close to the eye; it required good lighting and great patience to use.

In his old age, Leeuwenhoek became a legend; to his displeasure, his fellow townsmen reverently referred to his as a magician. Flower power Since he believed biograpyh all living forms to be functionally similar to one another, Leeuwenhoek also made extensive investigations of reproduction in plants.


After developing his method for creating powerful lenses and applying them to the study of the microscopic leeueenhoek [16]van Leeuwenhoek introduced his work to his friend, the prominent Dutch physician Reinier de Anfon. Invan Leeuwenhoek paid his first and only visit to London, where he probably saw a copy of Robert Hooke’s ‘Micrographia’ which included pictures of textiles that would have been of interest to him. Thus, in he noticed that yeast consist of minute globular particles.

Inhis credibility was questioned when he sent the Royal Society a copy of his first observations of microscopic single-celled organisms.

Antonie was married to Barbara de Mey in July and the couple were blessed with five children of whom only one survived. Though Leewenhoek is sometimes considered as inventor of microscope, it is not the truth. United Nations UNinternational organization established on October 24, The great Dutch microscopist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek devoted his long life to microscopical studies and was probably the first to see and describe bacteria, reporting his results to the Royal Society of London.

By the end of the seventeenth century, van Leeuwenhoek had a virtual monopoly on microscopic study and discovery. Dimorphic fungi Mold Yeast Mushroom. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Even during the last weeks of his life, van Leeuwenhoek continued to send letters full of observations to London.

The eminent microbiologist also studied plaque formation in the human oral cavity in For some time afterwards he lived in Benthuizen with an uncle who provided him with a foundation in mathematics and basic physics. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Starting from the assumption that life and motility are identical, he concluded that the moving object that he saw through his microscope were little animals.