Elfriede Hermann, «Communicating with Transculturation», Le Journal de la Société des Océanistes by the Cuban sociologist Fernando Ortiz ([]. ) . Fernando Ort z on the Phases of Transculturation, from a speech made in Abstract. MARRERO LEON, Erelis. Transculturation and cultural studies. A brief approach to Fernando Ortiz’ thinking. Tabula Rasa [online]. , n

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Second is customwhich may overlap religion.

Fernando Ortíz on the Phases of Transculturation

In many cosmopolitan societies, religion is everything—social, utilitarian, intellectual, ortuz from the point of view of people of immersed cultures; The very concept of ethnicity and its distinctions is incongruous to their immersed concepts. Publications Pages Publications Pages. Religionor belief, is the prime ethnocentric divider. Now comes the second phase, that which usually transpires during the first generation: At times the colored man becomes desperate and hates himself.

Only a small minority has reached it thus far. This does not mean that most Europeans reject learning other languages.

Transculturación y estudios culturales. Breve aproximación al pensamiento de Fernando Ortiz

This article has multiple issues. There still remains a fifth phase that we must reach some day-the phase of integration.

A dark grandmother or mother leads an unhappy “back door” existence, in order that her presence may not cause harm to her descendants who in turn live in a state of constant and exhausting inhibition.

Rather, it merges these concepts and additionally carries the idea of the consequent creation of new cultural prtiz neoculturation. Processes of transculturation become more complex within the context of globalizationgiven the multiple layers of abstraction that permeate everyday experiences.

Xenophobes tend to think of cross-cultural contact as a component of assimilation, and see this as harmful. In the modern context, both conflicts and resolutions are amplified by communication and transportation technology—the ancient tendency of cultures drifting or remaining apart has been replaced by stronger forces for bringing societies together.


Where transculturation impacts ethnicity and ethnic issues the term “ethnoconvergence” is sometimes used. He is an exemplary model of postcolonial agency and accomplishment. The words “Negro” and “mulatto” are no longer taboo. These stages in inter-racial relations are not peculiarly Cuban.

The people are told that the Negro is subhuman and bestial. Transculturation is a term coined by Cuban anthropologist Fernando Ortiz in [1] to describe the phenomenon of merging and converging cultures.

The mixed blood is made white, by law or through wealth or ancestry; but his life is a constant frustration aggravated by ceaseless pretense.


If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Utilitarian traits, and traditional customs. This can become evident in social situations, where people divide into separate groups, despite being of an identical “super-ethnicity”, such as nationality. There is praise for types such as the “good Negro” and “the good master;” transculturaation even so, the ruler and the ruled distrust each other.

These varied opinions of ethnoconvergence represent themselves in a spectrum; assimilationhomogenizationacculturationand cultural compromise are commonly used terms for ethnoconvegence which flavor the issues to a bias. Views Read Edit View history. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. The black man is now able to dance and the white man is amused by him.

Quite the contrary, Europeans are often polyglots, and may label other individuals by their ethnicities; practical means of distinguishing cultures may resemble tendencies similar to ethnocentrism. In most regions, ethnic divides are binary, meaning only two distinct cultures are present, each seeing the other as foreign. English, tfansculturation example, is spoken by more non-Anglo-American people than Anglo-Americans, making it the current lingua-francathe worldwide de facto standard international language.


This common theme, representing dualist opinions of ethnoconvergence itself, within a single ethnic group is often manifested in issues of sexual partners and marriageemployment preferences, etc.

May Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic. Often, history shows us, the processes of co-existence begins with hostilities, and with the natural passing of polarist individuals, comes the passing of their polarist sentiments, and soon some resolution transvulturation achieved.

University Press Scholarship Online. Classical, Early, and Medieval Poetry and Poets: However, the political and cultural significance of regional or national languages are retained because these polyglots conform to the linguistic norms of the place they visit—doing “as the Romans do”. There are many other examples of the essential significance of language.


The dominant white tolerates these people, their conventional whitewashings, accepts their cooperation when this is advantageous to transcupturation, and is even lenient towards marriages of convenience. Within each smaller ethnicity, individuals may tend to see it perfectly justified to assimilate with other cultures, and some others view assimilation as wrong and incorrect for their culture.

In simple terms, transculturation reflects the natural tendency of people in general to resolve conflicts over time, rather than exacerbating them.

In the other general sense, transculturation is one aspect of global phenomena and human events. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Nevertheless, obstacles to ethnoconvergence are not great.

In OctoberU. Reflections on the Global Condition.